As you already know, people come in all different heights. There are people who are really short and people who are really tall, and we are used to it. In the US in 2017, the height of the average man was about 5'9" and the height of the average woman was about 5'4". This confirms what we pretty much already know and confirms the idea that anything above or under these measurements for a man or woman is considered tall or short.
With height difference, come advantages and advantages. There are pros to being tall, such as being able to reach things high up, and cons such as having to dunk to walk through doorways. Short people are able to fit into small places, but usually, need help reaching things in high places. In this way, short people and tall people complement each other pretty well!
A great example is when the tallest man in the world met the shortest woman in the world recently met
He originally broke the Guinness World Record when he measured in 8'1" in 2009, but subsequently grew 2 more inches by his second measurement in 2011. Only 10 people in documented history have reached the height of 8 feet tall, but Kosen has passed this mark with flying colors. This is because he has a disease called pituitary gigantism, which causes him to make too much human growth hormone- the hormone responsible for growth spurts.
Opposite to Kosen, 25-year-old woman Jyoti Amge, from India, is the world's shortest woman. Standing a 2' tall, she won this Guinness World Record in 2011 when she was 18-years-old. Her size is due to a medical condition called achondroplasia. This disease converts the cartilage in Amge's limbs to a bone, which causes her to be short in stature. But, she doesn't let her medical condition get her down. She has made it part of who she is and even played a role in American Horror Story in 2014.
In 2010, Kosen underwent gamma knife radiation to his pituitary gland to target a tumor on the glad that was causing his condition. The procedure was done the University of Virginia's medical school, who also provided Kosen with medication to suppress the growth hormone levels. It ended up being all worth it- Kosen was declared free of the tumor in 2012.
Kosen also seems to be making the most of his situation. when he won his Guinness World Title in 2009, he said "I never imagined I would be in the books. I dreamed about it, but it was still a huge surprise!" He is using his unique height to travel the world. He recently joined a circus- the Magic Circus of Samoa- and will be participating in shows around the world.
It's so interesting to see these photos because of the pair's extreme height differences.